What backend developers basically do? Essentially, they focus on web servers, databases and other web applications and their access in symmetrical order, which may be invisible to the users. Moreover, the behind-the-scenes development is imperative that forwards the processing of user actions on the frontend.
According to some survey, it has been concluded that development is one of the top field with a bright future and scope and so, are the developers. As the time passes by, the competition is getting stronger for top developer positions, therefore one should be skilled enough to survive with a fully loaded toolbox. This can be done by adding some new languages in your backend directory and there are three great language to be included – C, C# and Java. But the main question is which one is the best to carry forward?
Before you decide the language you want to go with, first focus on the kind of backend developer you want to be:
– An area acquiring the business as well as technical world – a role of mobile application developer who needs to know in-depth knowledge of Java and its related frameworks as well as tools.
– Software engineers must have a proper knowledge of atleast one of the programming languages or all of them depending on the size of the organization or the complexity of software development projects.
– Software developer positions ask for atleast one of the languages especially for jobs that require post college experience say lead applications, developers and software architects and the jobs that require a blend of programming along with analytical skills like developer/programmer analyst.
So, these are such major positions in the field of backend development. Now, let’s proceed further to discuss about the programming languages in detail:
C = constant acceptance
Though C is one of the oldest programming languages, but still holds a strong position in top 10 list. It is still ranked as number one in TIOBE Index in terms of popularity. Because of its cross-platform and compatibility feature with compilers for most system architectures and operating systems, it is a widely used programming language. It is a structured language that has a small vocabulary and allows a backend developer less flexibility in achieving desired functionalities. But being a structured one, it helps in making it a good option as it is easier to read and maintain.
C# = super flexile
“Multi-paradigm” is the term that is used to describe this language that means you can write code in a way which is not only procedural, but also functional, object-oriented or a unique blend of programming paradigms. It is very challenging for a software developer to learn this language and he may develop in it using one or more of these styles, or combine it with code written in other languages. There are many programs that are build using this language say Adobe Systems products, SETI@home and Dragon Naturally Speaking. Furthermore, many other wired and wireless telecommunication systems work on softwares made using C#.
Java – business and corporate
Being another multi-paradigm and youngest of all languages, Java was soon to be integrated into many popular web browsers. It was created around the same era, the World Wide Web Consortium was formed. Initially, it was a proprietary system developed by Sun Microsystems, Inc., bought by Oracle Corp. In 2010. Many enterprises still choose Java backend developers to update and maintain customer relationship management (CRM) and enteprise resource planning systems (ERPs). Java has its major portion in 3D graphics applications and mobile app development.
It would be a great beginning for a backend developer to learn any of these programming languages. Java and C++ are versatile codebases with online training available. C, being less flexible though, is a prime choice if you want to work with web technologies that are accessible on UNIX or Linux.